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Silicone oil - an indispensable "assistant" in textile technology

Release Time: 2024-05-11 14:40:12


Silicone oil and textile.jpg

1 Introduction

Silicone oil, one of the organic silicon products, is an important chemical widely used in industrial fields. In various manufacturing processes, silicone oil plays an indispensable role with its unique physical and chemical properties. Among them, in the textile industry, silicone oil plays an "irreplaceable" role. Silicone oil is widely used in all aspects of textile technology, playing a key impact on improving product quality and performance.


2. The role of silicone oil in textile technology

(1) Textile yarn processing: Silicone oil can greatly improve the lubricity and wear resistance of yarn. During the spinning process, adding an appropriate amount of silicone oil can reduce the friction coefficient of the yarn, enhance its tensile strength and elongation at break, thereby reducing yarn breakage and wear during the weaving process.

(2) Fabric finishing: The application of silicone oil in fabric finishing can significantly improve the softness, waterproofness and antistatic properties of the fabric. By coating the surface of the fabric with silicone oil emulsion, the gaps between the fibers of the fabric can be filled, increasing the density and softness of the fabric. At the same time, silicone oil can also give fabrics excellent waterproof and antistatic functions.

(3) Printing and dyeing process: Using silicone oil during the printing and dyeing process can improve the adhesion and color fastness of the dye. Silicone oil lubricates fabric fibers and improves the permeability and adhesion of dyes, thereby significantly enhancing the color fastness and washing fastness of printed and dyed products.


3. Specific applications of silicone oil in different textile processes

(1) Pretreatment of raw materials before spinning: Silicone oil treatment of raw materials such as cotton and wool before spinning can improve the spinnability of the fiber, reduce the yarn breakage rate, and improve the yarn quality.

(2) Application in yarn weaving and dyeing processes: In yarn weaving, tatting, knitting, etc., spraying an appropriate amount of silicone oil can reduce the friction coefficient of yarn and enhance its softness and wear resistance. In the dyeing process, adding silicone oil can improve the permeability and adhesion of dyes and improve color fastness.

(3) Application of finished fabric finishing and packaging: In the fabric finishing stage, silicone oil emulsion is applied through dipping, spraying, etc., which can give the fabric excellent soft feel, waterproof, antistatic and other properties. Silicone oil spray can also be used during the packaging process of finished products to protect the fabric from contamination and deformation.


4. The important impact of silicone oil on textile quality

The wide application of silicone oil in all aspects of textile technology plays a key role in improving the quality and performance of textile products. On the one hand, silicone oil can improve the feel and touch of textiles and enhance the comfort and use experience of the product. On the other hand, silicone oil gives textiles excellent functionality, such as waterproofing, antistatic, etc., which greatly increases the service life and added value of the product. In general, silicone oil can be said to be an indispensable "assistant" in textile technology.


5 Conclusion

As a multifunctional chemical additive, silicone oil plays an irreplaceable role in the textile industry. From yarn processing to fabric finishing, from printing and dyeing processes to finished product packaging, silicone oil is everywhere and has a profound impact on improving the quality and performance of textiles. In the future, as people's living standards continue to improve, the demand for textile performance and comfort will also grow. Therefore, the application of silicone oil in textile technology will surely be further expanded, injecting new impetus into the high-quality development of the textile industry.

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